Understanding the Science of Migraines: Causes and Triggers

It’s the throbbing headache, the sensitivity to light, and the nausea that has you bedridden. We know the pain of migraines is debilitating and makes you feel helpless as you miss out on important family moments. Whether you’ve had it for years or it’s a new occurrence, understanding the cause and triggers of migraines can help you manage the condition. We’ll take a deep dive into the science of migraines, so get comfy and let's get started.

First off, let’s define what a migraine is. A migraine is a type of headache that affects one side of the head and can cause moderate to severe pain that can last for hours or days. Unlike regular headaches, migraines come with a set of other symptoms such as sensitivity to light and sound, vomiting, and even numbness or tingling sensations. The exact cause of migraines is still unknown, but researchers have identified multiple factors that can trigger them. Some of these triggers include hormonal changes, foods, stress, and environmental factors.

Hormonal changes are the most common cause of migraines in women. Fluctuating estrogen levels can trigger migraines, and they often occur around the time of menstruation, during pregnancy, and menopause. If you notice that your migraine is linked to your menstrual cycle, it’s essential to track your cycle and inform your physician for proper diagnosis.

Food is another factor that can trigger migraines. Foods that are high in histamines such as aged cheese, red wine, and processed meat can trigger migraines. Food additives such as Monosodium Glutamate (MSG), nitrates, and aspartame can also be a factor. Keeping a food diary can help you identify which foods trigger your migraines.

Stress is another known trigger of migraines. Stress occurs when the body is in a state of anxiety or emotional tension. Stress can be caused by various factors such as work, family, or financial pressure, among others. It’s essential to practice stress management techniques such as meditation, deep breathing exercises, or therapy sessions to alleviate stress.

Lastly, environmental factors such as bright lights, loud noises, strong smells, and changes in weather can trigger migraines. Being aware of your environment can help you manage your migraine symptoms. If you know that bright lights trigger your migraines, wear sunglasses when you’re outside, or keep the indoor lights dim.

Migraines can be a debilitating condition that may require medical attention if symptoms persist. Understanding the science behind migraines, such as its triggers and causes, can help you manage the condition. Keeping a diary of your diet and physical activity can help you identify what triggers your migraines and manage them appropriately. Be sure to keep your doctor informed, practice stress management, and be aware of your environment. Through prevention and management, you can get back your active lifestyle, and take control of migraines.

Are you ready to take the first steps to take control of your health and be free from the constant fear of debilitating migraines or chronic illness hijacking your life?  All I know is I've gone from 16 to 24 migraine days a month to less than 2, and I'm here to help you do the same.  Embark on this journey with us now. Join our uplifting Facebook group of moms who are transforming - going from Debilitated to Liberated. Take the first step by Clicking Here!


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